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You are here : AllRefer.com > Health > Diseases & Conditions > Toxic nodular goiter

Toxic nodular goiter

Alternate Names : Toxic multinodular goiter, Plummer's disease


Definition

Toxic nodular goiter involves an enlarged thyroid gland that contains a small rounded growth or growths called nodules. These nodules produce too much thyroid hormone.

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors

Toxic nodular goiter arises from an existing simple goiter. It occurs most often in the elderly. Risk factors include being female and over 60 years old. This disorder is never seen in children.

Sometimes patients with toxic multinodular goiter will develop high thyroid levels for the first time after they receive a large amount of iodine through a vein (intravenously). The iodine may be contrast for a CT scan or heart catheterization.

Pictures & Images

Thyroid enlargement - scintiscan
Thyroid enlargement - scintiscan

Thyroid gland
Thyroid gland

     
      See all Pictures & Images



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Review Date : 6/17/2008
Reviewed By : Elizabeth H. Holt, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Yale University. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.



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