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You are here : AllRefer.com > Health > Diseases & Conditions > Mononeuropathy

Mononeuropathy

Alternate Names : Neuropathy - isolated


Definition

Mononeuropathy is damage to a single nerve or nerve group, which results in loss of movement, sensation, or other function of that nerve.

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors

Mononeuropathy is a type of damage to nerves outside the brain and spinal cord (peripheral neuropathy).

Mononeuropathy is most often caused by injury, although body-wide (systemic) disorders (such as mononeuritis multiplex) may cause isolated nerve damage.

Long-term pressure on the nerve due to swelling or injury can result in mononeuropathy. The covering of the nerve (myelin sheath) or part of the nerve cell (the axon) is destroyed. This damage slows or prevents signals from traveling through the nerves.

Mononeuropathy may involve any part of the body. Some of the common forms of mononeuropathy include:

Pictures & Images

Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system

       
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Review Date : 9/25/2008
Reviewed By : Daniel B. Hoch, PhD, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.



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