Alternate Names : Hydrocelectomy
Hydrocele repair is surgery to correct the swelling of the scrotum that occurs when you have a hydrocele. A hydrocele is the backup of fluid in a testicle.
Baby boys sometimes have a hydrocele at birth. Hydroceles also occur in older boys and men. Sometimes they form when there is also a hernia (an abnormal bulging of tissue) present. Hydroceles are fairly common.
Overview & Description
Surgery to repair a hydrocele is often done at an outpatient clinic, not a hospital. The patient will receive general anesthesia. This will make him unconscious and unable to feel pain.
In a baby or child:
- The surgeon makes a small incision (cut) in the fold of the groin, and then drains the fluid. The surgeon may also remove the hydrocele “sac,“ the tissue that holds the fluid. The surgeon then strengthens the muscle wall with stitches.
- Sometimes the surgeon uses a laparoscope to do this procedure. A laparoscope is a tiny camera the surgeon inserts into the area through a small incision. The camera is attached to a video monitor in the room. The surgeon makes the repair with small instruments that are inserted through other small incisions.
In adults, the cut is usually made on the scrotum. The surgeon then drains the fluid after removing part of the hydrocele sac.
Why the Procedure Is Performed
Hydroceles often go away on their own in children, but not in adults. Most hydroceles in infants will go away by the time they are 2 years old.
Your surgeon may recommend hydrocele repair if:
- The hydrocele becomes too large
- The hydrocele causes problems with blood flow in the area
- There is also a hernia present
The size of hydroceles increase and decrease over time.
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