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You are here : AllRefer.com > Health > Special Topic > Birth control and family planning : Pictures & Images

Birth control and family planning

Alternate Names : Contraception, Family planning and contraception


Pictures & Images

The cervical cap
The cervical cap

The cervical cap is a flexible rubber cup-like device that is filled with spermicide and self-inserted over the cervix prior to intercourse. The device is left in place several hours after intercourse. The cap is a prescribed device fitted by a health care professional and is more expensive than other barrier methods such as condoms.

The diaphragm
The diaphragm

A diaphragm is a flexible rubber cup that is filled with spermicide and self-inserted over the cervix prior to intercourse. The device is left in place several hours after intercourse. The diaphragm is a prescribed device fitted by a health care professional and is more expensive than other barrier methods such as condoms.

Intrauterine device
Intrauterine device

The intrauterine device shown uses copper as the active contraceptive, others use progesterone in a plastic device. IUDs are very effective at preventing pregnancy (less than 2% chance per year for the progesterone IUD, less than 1% chance per year for the copper IUD). IUDs come with increased risk of ectopic pregnancy and perforation of the uterus and do not protect against sexually transmitted disease. IUDs are prescribed and placed by health care providers.

Side sectional view of female reproductive system
Side sectional view of female reproductive system

The female reproductive system includes the vagina, cervix, and uterus shown here in cut section.

The male condom
The male condom

The male condom is a barrier contraceptive made of latex or polyurethane. The condom must be fitted over the erect penis. The condom is sold over-the-counter and when used properly is an inexpensive, effective barrier to pregnancy and sexually-transmitted disease.

Hormone-based contraceptives
Hormone-based contraceptives

The pill works in several ways to prevent pregnancy. The pill suppresses ovulation so that an egg is not released from the ovaries, and changes the cervical mucus, causing it to become thicker and making it more difficult for sperm to swim into the womb. The pill also does not allow the lining of the womb to develop enough to receive and nurture a fertilized egg.

This method of birth control offers no protection against sexually-transmitted diseases.

Tubal ligation
Tubal ligation

Surgical sterilization which permanently prevents the transport of the egg to the uterus by means of sealing the fallopian tubes is called tubal ligation, commonly called "having one's tubes tied". This operation can be performed laparoscopically or in conjunction with a Cesarean section, after the baby is delivered. Tubal ligation is considered permanent but reversals can be done in many cases.

Vaginal ring
Vaginal ring

The vaginal ring is a flexible ring about 2 inches in diameter that is inserted into the vagina. It releases progestin and estrogen into the body to avoid pregnancy. The woman inserts it herself and it stays in the vagina for 3 weeks. Then, she takes it out for one week to have her period. Like other hormone methods, a prescription from a doctor is required.

Tubal ligation  - series
Tubal ligation - series

Browse through illustrations for Tubal ligation - series

Barrier methods of birth control  - series
Barrier methods of birth control - series

Browse through illustrations for Barrier methods of birth control - series

Birth control pill  - series
Birth control pill - series

Browse through illustrations for Birth control pill - series

Before and after vasectomy
Before and after vasectomy

Vasectomy is a simple procedure that is very effective in preventing pregnancy. Men usually have no side effects from vasectomy, and no change in sexual performance or function. Some men will feel sore for a few days, but pain can be relieved by analgesics and an ice pack.





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