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You are here : AllRefer.com > Health > Diseases & Conditions > Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : Pictures & Images

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Alternate Names : COPD, Chronic obstructive airways disease, Chronic obstructive lung disease, Chronic bronchitis, Emphysema, Bronchitis - chronic


Pictures & Images

Spirometry
Spirometry

Spirometry is a painless study of air volume and flow rate within the lungs. Spirometry is frequently used to evaluate lung function in people with obstructive or restrictive lung diseases such as asthma or cystic fibrosis.

Emphysema
Emphysema

Emphysema is a lung disease involving damage to the air sacs (alveoli).There is progressive destruction of alveoli and the surrounding tissue that supports the alveoli. With more advanced disease, large air cysts develop where normal lung tissue used to be. Air is trapped in the lungs due to lack of supportive tissue which decreases oxygenation.

Bronchitis
Bronchitis

Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi, the main air passages to the lungs, it generally follows a viral respiratory infection. Symptoms include; coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing and fatigue.

Quitting smoking
Quitting smoking

The many methods of quitting smoking include counseling and support groups, nicotine patches, gums and sprays, and incremental reduction.

COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder)
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) refers to chronic lung disorders that result in blocked air flow in the lungs. The two main COPD disorders are emphysema and chronic bronchitis, the most common causes of respiratory failure. Emphysema occurs when the walls between the lung's air sacs become weakened and collapse. Damage from COPD is usually permanent and irreversible.

Smoking and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder)
Smoking and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder)

Cigarettes contain many hazardous substances that damage the lung when inhaled, including tar nicotine, carbon monoxide, and cyanide. Long-term exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke and/or repeated respiratory infections also can increase a person's risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder.

Respiratory system
Respiratory system

Air is breathed in through the nasal passageways, travels through the trachea and bronchi to the lungs.





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