Alternate Names : Laparotomy, Exploratory laparotomy
Abdominal exploration is surgery to examine the contents of the abdomen. Surgery that opens the abdomen is called a laparotomy. Laparotomy may also be done to treat certain health problems and conditions.
Overview & Description
An abdominal exploration (laparotomy) is done while you are under general anesthesia, which means you are asleep and feel no pain during the procedure. The surgeon makes a cut into the abdomen and examines the abdominal organs. The size and location of the surgical cut depends on the specific health issue.
A biopsy can be taken during the procedure.
Why the Procedure Is Performed
The abdomen contains many organs:
- Kidneys, ureters, and bladder
- Large intestine (colon)
- Small intestine (jejunum and ileum)
- Uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries (in women)
Some problems inside the abdomen can be easily diagnosed with imaging tests such as x-rays and CT scans. However, many problems require surgery to get an accurate diagnosis.
Abdominal exploration may be used to help diagnose and treat many diseases and health problems, including:
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